Anti Bullying Policy

This anti-bullying policy operates in conjunction with the Code of Behaviour, which is used to address isolated instances of anti-social behaviour.
The school has a central role in the children’s social moral development just as it does in their academic development. In school, we work towards standards of behaviour based on the basic principles of honesty, respect, consideration and responsibility. The individuality of each child needs to be accommodated while at the same time acknowledging the right of every child to education in a disruption free environment.
Bullying is defined as repeated aggression, whether verbal, psychological or physical, conducted by an individual or group against others. Examples of bullying include physical aggression, damage to property, intimidation, isolation, name-calling, taunting or ‘slagging’. Child to child bullying, teacher to child, intra staff bullying, parent to staff and parent to child bullying (including a child other than their own) are examples of the areas where bullying may occur.
Isolated instances of aggressive behaviour, which would be dealt with under the Code of Behaviour, would not be described as bullying. However, when the behaviour is systematic and ongoing, it is bullying.
The school acknowledges that there are three parties involved in bullying – those who bully, those who are bullied and those who witness the bullying. Staff and teachers bear this in mind when dealing with bullying incidents and try to support and work with all parties involved.
Aims of the Policy

To foster a school ethos of mutual and self-respect
To raise awareness of bullying as a form of unacceptable behaviour
To outline, promote and raise awareness of preventative approaches that can be used in response to reported incidences of bullying
To develop a programme of support for those affected by bullying behaviour and for those involved in bullying behaviour
To outline procedures for noting and reporting instances of bullying behaviour
To outline procedures for investigating and dealing with incidents of bullying behaviour

Child to Child Bullying
Stage One
Unless the incident is of a very serious nature, it will be dealt with by the classroom teacher who will talk to the children involved. Teachers respect the need to support the esteem of each party involved in an incident. When a teacher becomes aware that a child is regularly involved in incidents he/she will start a record of such incidents. The purpose of this record is:
To aid memory by recording details of the incident
For clarity in assessment of the situation
For planning and intervention
Prior to a record of incidents being kept, parent(s) will be informed.
Should the action taken at this stage prove not to have resolved the issue, the staff will proceed to stage two.
Stage Two
The Principal will arrange to meet with the parents of the child who is seen to be bullying and separately with the parents of the victim of bullying. The children themselves may be required to attend part or all of these meetings. The child who is bullying will be placed on report. This means that the child’s behaviour in all areas is monitored during the day. The child has three meetings with his/her teacher and together they decide on what is to be written for that part of the day. All positive behaviour, progress on work etc will be noted. At the end of the day, the teacher writes his/her own comment. The purpose of this report to focus as much as possible on the positive qualities and efforts of the child, and to motivate the child to move away from negative behaviour. The child should be able to see that parents and school are working together in his/her interest, so the cooperation of the parents is essential. Initially a review of the reports will be carried out on a weekly basis, in a meeting with the Principal, teacher, parents and child. If progress is being made, longer intervals between meetings may be decided upon. The child who is the victim of bullying will also meet with the Principal and his/her parents. The aim of such a meeting(s) will be to address emotional needs and devise strategies for the child to deal with the bullying. This may involve reinforcing the programme being covered in class, or other strategies.

Stage 3*
It is the duty of the school to provide a safe environment for all the children. Should the above interventions fail and the bullying continue, a programme of appropriate sanctions may be implemented by the Principal in consultation with the parents and Board of Management. Sanctions implemented aim to encourage positive behaviour and support the esteem of the child. These sanctions may include a period of suspension during which there will be ongoing consultation with the parents to decide on appropriate action(s) to be taken in the best interests of the child. Suspension for any period of time will be reported in writing by the Principal to the Chair of the Board of Management.

Bullying by Adults
In the case of intra-staff bullying, St John’s National School will adopt the procedures outlined in Section C (c2) of the INTO booklet: ‘Working Together: Procedures and Policies for Positive Staff Relations’. A copy of this document is available for free download on the INTO website.
In the case of Teacher – Child bullying, a complaint should in the first instance be raised with the teacher in question by the parent/guardian of the child if possible and then if necessary referred to the Principal. Where it has not been possible to agree a framework for resolution, the matter should be referred in writing by both parties to the Board of Management for investigation.
In the case of Parent – Teacher bullying, the Principal should be informed in the first instance, and if deemed necessary the Board of Management should subsequently be informed in writing.
In the case of Parent/Visitor to the school – Child bullying, the complaint should be referred in the first instance to the child’s class teacher and subsequently to the Principal if unresolved.
In the case of Principal – Parent/ Child bullying, the matter should be raised with the Principal if possible, or referred to the Chairperson of the Board of Management.
Attached is Appendix A which gives guidelines to how to tell if your child is being bullied/bullying and the best approach to dealing with it as well as some useful websites to support you.
This policy was ratified by the BoM on the dates below:

Date presented to staff ____25/01/2023_________

Date presented to Board of Management_____25/01/2023____

Principal:__Catherine Coady________ Date:__25/01/2023_______

Chairperson:__Sarah Cosgrave________ Date:___25/01/2023______

Appendix A:

What is bullying?

Bullying can mean many different things. Bullying can take many forms, but its aim is always to make a person feel upset, intimidated or afraid and if this happens again and again it is bullying.

These are some ways children and young people have described bullying:

being called names
being teased
being pushed or pulled about
being hit or attacked
having your bag and other possessions taken and thrown around
having rumours spread about you
being ignored and left out
being forced to hand over money or possessions.

Children get bullied

at school – in the playground, in class or in the toilets
on their way to and from school
on the bus

What does it feel like to be bullied?

Bullying hurts. It makes you scared and upset. It can make you feel embarrassed in front of others. It can make you feel that you are all alone and that you have no friends. It can make you so worried that you can’t work well at school. Some children have told us they have skipped school to get away from it. It can make you feel that you are no good, that there is something wrong with you. People who bully you can make you feel that it’s your fault but it is not your fault – it is their fault. (The label ‘bully’ for a bullying child is problematic. The word ‘bully’ as a verb for the action is better, e.g. a child who bullies.)

Why do some people bully?

There are a lot of reasons why some people bully. They may see it as a way of being popular, or making themselves look tough and in charge.

Some bullies do it to get attention or to get something, or to make other people afraid of them. Others might be jealous of the person they are bullying. They may even be getting bullied themselves.

Some people who bully may not even understand how wrong their behaviour is or how it makes the person being bullied feel.

Why are some young people bullied?

Some young people are bullied for no particular reason, but sometimes it’s because they are different in some way – perhaps it’s the way they talk, their size, their looks, their name or just because they are very good at something.

Sometimes young people are bullied because the bullying person thinks they won’t stand up for themselves.

Some research…..

Boys were found to engage in three times as much bullying as girls. Research found that the popular belief that children who bully feel insecure and anxious inside is NOT true. In fact, children who bully have a low level of anxiety. The typical child who bullies has ‘an aggressive personality pattern’ combined, at least in boys, with physical strength.

The factors which were found to help create an aggressive personality problem were: negative emotional attitudes of the primary caretaker characterized by lack of warmth, permissiveness by the primary caretaker for the child’s aggressive behaviour, use of ‘power-assertive’ child rearing methods such as physical punishment and the child’s temperament. (If this document is for pupils as well as teachers I’d simplify the language in this paragraph completely).

If you’re being bullied what can you do?

Always remember – It’s not your fault! It’s the bullying person who has the problem, not you. Don’t put up with bullying. Ask for help.
Believe in yourself. Don’t believe what the bullying person says of you. You know that’s not true.
Say ‘no’ emphatically, then walk away
Check out your body language. Practise walking with confidence, standing straight with head held high and taking deep breaths.
Practice assertiveness. Stand tall, look the bully in the eye, breathe steadily, speak calmly and firmly. This can help you to feel stronger, and also makes you look more confident.
Don’t suffer in silence – talk to someone you trust. It always helps to share a problem and to know that you are not alone. In schools and clubs, adults in charge have to pay attention to any complaints you make about being bullied.
If an adult is bullying you, then look for help from another adult you can trust. You have rights, and you must insist on them. There are rules and procedures to deal with adults who bully at home, in school, in sport clubs and where people work. If you are too nervous, take along a friend.
Choose when to resist. Sometimes the only sensible thing to do is to give in. Just get away and tell someone.
Try not to use violence. It never solves anything, and usually just makes the situation worse.
Keep a diary. Keep a record of details – who, where, when, how – as this will make it easier for you when you tell your story.
Have an answer ready. Well chosen words can often make a bullying person look foolish, and that’s the last thing they want!
Try not to show you are upset or angry (even if you are). Reacting to the bullying person is only giving them what they want.
If there’s a gang involved try to approach each person on their own, rather than when they’re together. If you talk straight to them, you’ll probably find that they’re not so confident without the protection of the group.
Ask your friends to support you. People who bully don’t like being outnumbered or isolated.
Try to make new friends if the ones you have at the moment seem to enjoy trying to make you feel bad.
Change your routine. Try to avoid being on your own in places where you are likely to be picked on.

Do you bully others?

Have you ever hurt someone on purpose?
Have you ever used your size or strength to win against someone weaker?
Do you repeat rumours, even if you’re not sure they’re true?
Have you ever tried to turn your friends against someone?
Have you ever watched others bullying someone without doing anything to stop it?
Have you ever used the excuse ‘I was only messing’ when you knew you weren’t ‘only messing’?

If answering these questions made you feel uneasy, maybe you should look at the way you treat other people.

Talking to someone always helps.
Choose a trusted friend or maybe one of the organisations listed in this booklet.

Remember that bullying is always wrong – feeling good shouldn’t mean having to make someone else feel bad.

Signs of bullying

As an adult, what are the signs I should look out for?
One of the most terrible effects of bullying is that the bullied child will very often deny that it’s happening.

It’s important that you don’t put even more pressure on a child who may be bullied. Forcing someone to tell when they don’t want to can itself be a form of bullying. But there are certain signs to look out for if you have suspicions.

These can include:
A change in behaviour, such as suffering a lack of concentration and/or becoming withdrawn, excessively clingy, depressed, fearful, emotionally up and down
Afraid and anxious when going to or coming from school
Happy at the weekend but not during the week. A drop in performance in school.
Physical signs: stomach aches, headaches, sleep difficulties, bedwetting, bruising
Bingeing on food
Unexplained bruises
School performance steadily getting worse
Being generally nervous, tense, unhappy
Not explaining suspicious incidents
Signs of being isolated from others of the same age
Signs of regular interference with personal property, books, etc.
Frequently asking for (or perhaps stealing) money.

Although these can also indicate problems other than bullying, it’s important that you don’t ignore them. Try to encourage the child to talk about what’s going on, either to you or to another trusted adult.

How to approach the subject
Broach the subject obliquely, giving the victim the option to talk about it or not
Let them know that you are willing to listen at any time
When they start to talk, listen carefully to what they have to say
Once they begin to discuss the bullying, it may seem to be all they can talk about. Be patient and let them go on – it’s better for them to let it all out than to bottle it up.

What to do next

Don’t over-react – victims need rational advice and help, not emotional overload
Believe the victim. No one should have to put up with bullying.
Ask victims if they have any suggestions about changing the situation
Contact the school as soon as your satisfied that the allegation is well founded
Seek advice from an individual or a support group with experience in this area.

What should I do if my child is being bullied?

Discuss bullying openly and regularly with your children – don’t wait for them to raise the issue.
Thank the child for disclosing the problem. Confidence is the first casualty of bullying, so let your child know you believe them and will support them. Tell them it’s not their fault.
Listen carefully. Don’t rush the story. Show you are concerned and sympathetic.
Get all the details – what, who, when, where, etc.
Write down the details and check the information with your child. This will be important for any meetings which may come later.
Take action. Don’t wait to see if it all blows over.
Make appropriate changes that may help prevent your child being singled out and to build their confidence at the same time (e.g. new clothes, different hairstyle, etc.)
Seek professional help if necessary (e.g. speech therapy, dental work, etc.)
Bring your information to the relevant authority, and insist on getting an adequate response.

How do I approach the School?

Make an appointment
Speak to an appropriate teacher as soon as possible.
Think about asking someone to accompany you for support.
Don’t exaggerate. Be honest and stick to the facts as you understand them.
Use your notes to make sure you don’t forget to mention any important points.
Recognise that you may be upset when you speak to the teacher.
Accept that your child may not have told you all the facts, and that there may be another side to the story.
Ask for a copy of the school’s policy on bullying.
Find out what action the school intends to take.
Arrange for a follow-up meeting with the teacher to measure any improvement in the situation.
After the meeting, you may wish to make a note of what was agreed and send a copy to the teacher.
If you are not happy with the teacher’s response, make an appointment to see the principal.
If you still feel dissatisfied having talked to the principal, contact members of the Board of Management who are there to represent your interests. Remember to keep copies of all letters you send and receive.
If your child is happy to have you attend, you can request that all interviews with him or her on this issue are conducted in your presence.
If the problem persists, then you should consider moving your child to another class or even another school if this is possible.
You should consider carefully whether further aftercare is needed following a move to another class or school.

How can I tell if my child bullies others?

Here are some indicators of bullying behaviour:

a tendency to bully family members
being a victim of bullying
regularly witnessing bullying behaviour in their environment
being frequently short-tempered and/or aggressive
having past experiences which can still cause negative feelings
bringing home items that you know weren’t bought
speaking of others in a negative way, perhaps on the basis of their appearance or beliefs of social status
showing an interest in violent behaviour
showing little sensitivity towards others
having low self esteem
being the subject of previous complaints or suggestions of bullying behaviour

Although these can also indicate problems other than bullying, it’s important that you don’t ignore them. Try to encourage the child to talk about what’s going on, either to you or another trusted adult.

Directory of Support Services

Anti-Bullying Centre (01) 6082573
CAB – Campaign Against Bullying (01) 2887976
Childline Freephone 1800 666660
Irish Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (01) 2300061
ISPCC (01) 6794944
The National Association for Parents Support (NAPS) (0502) 20598
Parentline (Parents under Stress) (01) 8733500
Samaritans (Callsave) 1850 609090
Sticks and Stones Theatre Company (01) 2807065
Trinity College Dublin – Anti-Bullying Research Centre (01) 6601011
Victim Support 1800 661771

Some Useful Websites

Bullying @ school information –

Bullying information on Bullying Child/Parents/Teachers

Bullying in schools

What Parents should know about Bullying –

Anti-Bullying Campaign Tools for Teachers –


ABC Bullying at School, the Anti-Bullying Research & Resource Centre
Trinity College, Dublin

You Can Beat Bullying – A Guide for Young People, Kidscape

The abc of Bullying, Marie Murray & Colm Keane, 1998 – Mercier Press

What do You know about Bullying, Pete Sanders, 2000 – Aladdin Books Ltd.

Bullying and Harassment in the Workplace, Lucy Costigan, 1998 – Columba Press

Bullying – don’t let them suffer in silence, Save the Children (Resource Pack)

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